The first experiment to create oxygen from the atmosphere of Mars
The experiment was performed using a special MOXIE device mounted on the Mars rover Perseverance Rover. The full name of Moxie is “Mars Oxygen In Satu Resource Utilization Experiment”. That is, a device that could produce oxygen using and using local resources available on Mars.
It should be noted that the atmosphere of Mars is much lighter than our terrestrial air which contains about 95% carbon dioxide.
Each molecule of carbon dioxide has two carbon atoms attached to one carbon atom, which can be separated to get oxygen.
Moxie is a short-lived experimental device aimed at demonstrating technology that effectively separates oxygen from carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere.
After success in this phase, large instruments working on the same principles will be built and sent to Mars.